If gingivitis advances to periodontitis, gum tissue will not respond to brushing and regular oral hygiene. One or more of the following oral surgery procedures may be required:6
Gum graft surgery. If gum recession occurs, a periodontist can perform a gum graft surgery to cover the exposed tooth root. This procedure helps prevent bone loss and additional gum recession.
Periodontal pocket procedure.This surgical procedure works to remove any gum-disease causing bacteria around the tooth and refit a loosened gum around a tooth. If the bone has been damaged and created an irregular surface, this procedure may also include smoothing down the disease-damaged bone so that bacteria doesn’t continue to grow.
Regenerative surgical procedure.If gum disease has damaged or destroyed the bone that supports your teeth, you may be eligible for a procedure that stimulates the regrowth of gum tissue and bone by adding a membrane, bone graft, or tissue-stimulating protein to encourage the body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissues.