Healthy Gums Guide

It may surprise you to learn that research shows around one in two adults over the age of 30 in the US has some form of gum disease.i While the condition is extremely common, failing to spot and treat the causes of gum disease early can put you at risk of developing severe gum disease, known as periodontitis – the leading cause of tooth loss for adults.ii, iv It could also jeopardize your health in general, as severe gum disease has been associated with other diseases, such as heart disease and stroke.iii


Are Your Gums Healthy?

Knowing what healthy gums look and feel like will help you keep your gums in good shape, and stay on the lookout for any early signs of gum disease.

What Healthy Gums Look Like

Healthy gums are pink, firm to the touch and don’t bleed.v Unhealthy gums are typically red, swollen, bleed easily during brushing and flossing, and may start pulling away from your teeth.iv It may be helpful to compare your gums with pictures of healthy gums and unhealthy gums to get an idea of what sort of condition yours may be in – but your dentist is the best person to speak to for an official gum disease diagnosis.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

When your gums bleed this is a warning sign that you may have gum disease. Plaque build-up on your teeth can causes your gums to become red, swollen and prone to bleeding. If caught in its early stages – known as gingivitis – gum disease can be prevented by twice daily brushing and flossing.iv You should also see your dentist to check the problem hasn’t created further complications. Bad breath can also be symptomatic of unhealthy gums.iv

What Causes Unhealthy Gums?

In most cases, ineffective dental hygiene is at the root of gum problems. If plaque – a sticky, transparent film of bacteria that coats the teeth – is not effectively brushed, flossed and rinsed away it can lead to irritation, inflammation and bleeding gums.iv


Smoking increases your risk of gum disease twofold, while poor nutrition, some medical conditions (including diabetes or cardiovascular disease), a family history of periodontitis, obesity and stress can all be risk factors for developing gum, vii Certain medications can also affect your oral health and may contribute to your risk of gum disease.vii 

How to Get Healthy Gums

Brushing, flossing and seeing the dentist regularly is the care package you need to help prevent and reverse early stage gum disease.iv, viii


Brush twice daily with a gum-healthy fluoride toothpaste such as parodontax Complete Protection that kills and removes plaque with brushing. Floss every day to remove any plaque and food that is beyond the reach of your toothbrush. Don’t forget to brush your tongue, as it can also harbor odor-causing bacteria.viii




Keeping Your Gums Healthy

Regular dental appointments are key to identifying early gum disease symptoms.iv The quicker problems are identified, the easier it can be to resolve gum disease at home by brushing and flossing.


Eating a gum-friendly diet packed with plenty of calcium, fibre-rich fruits and vegetables and foods containing vitamin C (such as bell peppers, broccoli, brussels sprouts, oranges and strawberries) will help keep your gums and teeth clean and healthy.ix, x


Drink plenty of fluoridated water – nature’s own mouthwash – which helps swish away harmful plaque bacteria and helps prevent tooth decay.ix, x

What a Periodontist Can Do for You

A periodontist is someone who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. If you are concerned you could be developing gum disease, you may want to consult your dentist about making an appointment with a periodontist to further discuss your symptoms.


In addition to your dentist, a periodontist will be able to advise you on the best course of action for looking after your oral health.






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  1. CDC: Half of American Adults Have Periodontal Disease. American Academy of Periodontology. Accessed 14/01/20.
  2. Periodontal (Gum) Disease. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Accessed 14/01/20.
  3. Gum disease and heart disease: The common thread. Harvard Health Medical School. Accessed 14/01/20.
  4. Periodontitis (Symptoms & causes). Mayo Clinic. Accessed 14/01/20.
  5. Gum disease (Sympmtoms). NHS. Accessed 05/03/20.
  6. Smoking, Gum Disease, and Tooth Loss. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Accessed 14/01/20.
  7. Gum Disease Risk Factors. American Academy of Periodontology. Accessed 05/03/20.
  8. Preventing Gum Disease. American Academy of Periodontology. Accessed 05/03/20.
  9. The Best and Worst Foods for Your Teeth. University of Rochester Medical Center. Accessed 05/03/20.
  10. Nutrition: What You Eat Affects Your Teeth. Mouth Healthy. Accessed 05/03/20. 

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